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Nutrition

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Key Takeaways Bill Gates believes we can predict the future of global health. His belief is based on three fundamental facts from the past that define the current state of this industry: dramatic improvements in recent decades, consistent innovations that bring forth more improvements, and long-term effects of today’s innovations.The two key improvements that Bill Gates expects to take place in the next 20 years are the elimination of malnutrition and a shift from a…

Provided by Ryan Rodal from HVMN Many people say diet success starts in the kitchen, but it actually starts somewhere else—the grocery store. Making the wrong choices at the grocery store might lead you to make bad decisions in the kitchen as well. This is particularly true if you plan on following the ketogenic diet. Just like any other diet, keto requires adherence to certain macronutrient breakdowns for success. But before exploring what you’ll need…

Key Takeaways All proteins and enzymes can be divided into two major classes: survival proteins and longevity proteinsThe production of most proteins and enzymes is controlled by vitamins and mineralsBeing deficient in some vitamins or minerals drives the body into a state where survival proteins will be favored while longevity proteins may be sacrificed. This mechanism is essential to ensure immediate survival, even at the cost of long-term healthA deficiency in longevity proteins eventually leads…

Key Takeaways A high omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid intake may be detrimental to cognition in old ageThe hippocampus is one of the first brain structures that undergoes age-related changesHippocampus atrophy (withering) is associated with cognitive decline. Spatial memory is among the first functions that worsen as a resultHaving a lower dietary omega-6:3 fatty acid ratio predicts better cognitive function in general and hippocampus-dependent spatial memory in particular Actions to Consider The average Westerner has…

Key Takeaways Variations in the gut microflora have been recently linked to age-related changesProbiotics are showing promising results in preventing the progression of chronic diseaseA combination of prebiotics (compounds that promote the growth of healthy microflora) and probiotics (preparations of healthy intestinal microorganisms) was able to increase the lifespan of male Drosophila fliesThis longevity-promoting comes along with a decrease in oxidative stress and inflammatory markers, essential components of age-related chronic diseases Actions to Consider Although…

Key Takeaways Consuming fewer calories without going into nutrient deficiency has been linked to an increase in lifespanThe increase in lifespan is partly thanks to a shift from a glucose-fueled metabolism (based on the breakdown of glucose) to a fat-fueled metabolism (based on the oxidation of fatty acids) The ketogenic diet is one way of achieving such changes. Studies report it can increase lifespan in mice and even preserve their physiological function in old ageThe ketogenic…

Key Takeaways Studies estimate that it’s possible to prevent 30-40% of all cancers with proper dietary and lifestyle changesIn this study, a machine learning platform identified potential cancer-beating molecules (CBMs) in common ingredients and foodsSo far, 110 effective CBMs were identified using this algorithmThe foods with the highest number of different CBMs are cabbage, carrot, celery, coriander, dill, grape, orange, and tea Actions to Consider Eat more of the mentioned ingredients with the highest content…

Key Takeaways As a species, humans evolved on a diet with equal amounts of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, meaning the ratio between these nutrients was roughly 1:1Now, the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids in a typical Western diet is about 15:1 to 16.7:1, meaning that Westerners eat 15 to 16.7 times more omega-6 fatty acids than omega-3. The human body isn’t used to such a dietHigh omega-6 intake and a high omega-6…

Key Takeaways Both too high (over 140 mg/dl) and too low (below 80 mg/dl) blood glucose levels appear to be detrimental to health and lifespanMortality rates rise with a fasting blood glucose level around 100 mg/dl (5.5 mmol/l)A significant surge in mortality rates is seen in cases of plasma glucose above 120 mg/dl 2 hours after a glucose tolerance testHigh-carbohydrate diets are generally associated with lower fasting blood glucose levelsLow-carbohydrate diets are usually accompanied by…

Key Takeaways Increasing the time between meals promotes health and longevity in miceThe increase in healthspan and lifespan was seen regardless of diet composition or calorie countExtended daily fasting could trigger repair mechanisms that would be otherwise dormant Actions to Consider Try increasing your fasting time between meals. A good start would be to abstain from eating after 8 PMWhen you get used to this time limit, try setting it to 7 or 6 PM.…